Being familiar with the origins of the word \"game\" in the Middle English and Old French languages and in European languages derived from it, an understanding of the origins of the word \"play\" is important. A game is a simple scenario, or opposition, played between a set of players. So, the games of chess, bridge, poker, golf, flag football, basketball, or hockey are all games of opposition, where each participant has a distinct strategy.
A very basic understanding of game theory and evolutionary biology is necessary to engage in game theory/evolutionary games or evolutionary biology games. Play between two states, A or B, has a positive payoff unless player A plays B, for A wins, or B plays A, for B wins. If A plays B to get a payoff that exceeds the payoff if A plays A, then play is called a dominant species. Play can be in a single game, i.e. competition between A versus B. Play can also be between the strategies of two different species, i.e. between A versus B and C versus D, with A and B sensitive to B’s strategy, and C and D sensitive to D’s strategy. Play can be recurrent, i.e. a long series of games between the same two species. 7211a4ac4a